The five tests, and the information they provide:
A 12-lead EKG provides information about hypertrophy, or thickening of the heart muscle.
A coronary calcium scan, a low-radiation imaging test, identifies calcified plaque buildup in the arteries of the heart.
A blood test for C-reactive protein indicates inflammation.
A blood test for the hormone NT-proBNP indicates stress on the heart.
A blood test for high-sensitivity troponin T indicates damage to heart muscle. Troponin testing is regularly used by hospitals to diagnose heart attacks, but high-sensitivity troponin fine-tunes that measure, pointing to small amounts of damage that can be detected in individuals without any symptoms or warning signs.