Dr. Bray Links

Sunday, March 19, 2017

Is chicken recommended by your doctor?


Left: industrial chicken; Right: free-range chicken


Switching from beef to chicken, doesn't lower cholesterol.
K C Maki, M E Van Elswyk, T M Rains, E L Sohn, S McNeill. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compare the lipid effects of beef versus poultry and/or fish consumption. J Clin Lipidol. 2012 Jul-Aug;6(4):352-61.

E Ashton, M Ball. Effects of soy as tofu vs meat on lipoprotein concentrations. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jan;54(1):14-9.

E L Ashton, F S Dalais, M J Ball. Effect of meat replacement by tofu on CHD risk factors including copper induced LDL oxidation. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000 Nov-Dec;19(6):761-7.

K K Carroll, P M Giovannetti, M W Huff, O Moase, D C Roberts, B M Wolfe. Hypocholesterolemic effect of substituting soybean protein for animal protein in the diet of healthy young women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Aug;31(8):1312-21.

R L Shorey, B Bazan, G S Lo, F H Steinke. Determinants of hypocholesterolemic response to soy and animal protein-based diets. Am J Clin Nutr. 1981 Sep;34(9):1769-78.

S L Wiebe, V M Bruce, B E McDonald. A comparison of the effect of diets containing beef protein and plant proteins on blood lipids of healthy young men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1984 Nov;40(5):982-9.

P M Clifton. Protein and coronary heart disease: the role of different protein sources. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2011 Dec;13(6):493-8.

H R Ferdowsian, N D Barnard. Effects of plant-based diets on plasma lipids. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Oct 1;104(7):947-56.

D J Jenkins, C W Kendall, A Marchie, D Faulkner, E Vidgen, K G Lapsley, E A Trautwein, T L Parker, R G Josse, L A Leiter, P W Connelly. The effect of combining plant sterols, soy protein, viscous fibers, and almonds in treating hypercholesterolemia. Metabolism. 2003 Nov;52(11):1478-83.

Y Wang, C Lehane, K Ghebremeskel, M A Crawford. Modern organic and broiler chickens sold for human consumption provide more energy from fat than protein. Public Health Nutr. 2010 Mar;13(3):400-8.


Virus found in chicken can cause obesity.
Mitra AK, Clarke K. Viral obesity: fact or fiction? Obes Rev. 2010 Apr;11(4):289-96. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

Dhurandhar NV, Kulkarni P, Ajinkya SM, Sherikar A. Effect of adenovirus infection on adiposity in chicken. Vet Microbiol. 1992 Jun 1;31(2-3):101-7.

Dhurandhar NV, Kulkarni PR, Ajinkya SM, Sherikar AA, Atkinson RL. Association of adenovirus infection with human obesity. Obes Res. 1997 Sep;5(5):464-9.

Pasarica M, Dhurandhar NV. Infectobesity: obesity of infectious origin. Adv Food Nutr Res. 2007;52:61-102.

Halkjaer J, Tjønneland A, Overvad K, Sørensen TI. Dietary predictors of 5-year changes in waist circumference. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Aug;109(8):1356-66.



Chicken comsumption associated with a higher risk of lymphoma.
Key TJ, Appleby PN, Spencer EA, Travis RC, Allen NE, Thorogood M, Mann JI. Cancer incidence in British vegetarians. Br J Cancer. 2009 Jul 7;101(1):192-7.

Rohrmann S, Linseisen J, Jakobsen MU, Overvad K, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Tjonneland A, Boutron-Ruault MC, Kaaks R, Becker N, Bergmann M, Boeing H, Khaw KT, Wareham NJ, Key TJ, Travis R, Benetou V, Naska A, Trichopoulou A, Pala V, Tumino R, Masala G, Mattiello A, Brustad M, Lund E, Skeie G, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Peeters PH, Vermeulen RC, Jakszyn P, Dorronsoro M, Barricarte A, Tormo MJ, Molina E, Argüelles M, Melin B, Ericson U, Manjer J, Rinaldi S, Slimani N, Boffetta P, Vergnaud AC, Khan A, Norat T, Vineis P. Consumption of meat and dairy and lymphoma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Int J Cancer. 2011 Feb 1;128(3):623-34.

Fernandes A, Mortimer D, Rose M, Gem M. Dioxins (PCDD/Fs) and PCBs in offal: occurrence and dietary exposure. Chemosphere. 2010 Sep;81(4):536-40.



Chicken intake associated with increased rates of breast cancer and higher saturated fat intake.
Beasley JM, Newcomb PA, Trentham-Dietz A, Hampton JM, Bersch AJ, Passarelli MN, Holick CN, Titus-Ernstoff L, Egan KM, Holmes MD, Willett WC. Post-diagnosis dietary factors and survival after invasive breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2011 Jul;128(1):229-36.

American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures 2011-2012.

National Cancer Institute. 2010. Top Food Sources of Saturated Fat among US Population.

Sugimura T, Wakabayashi K, Nakagama H, Nagao M. Heterocyclic amines: Mutagens/carcinogens produced during cooking of meat and fish. Cancer Sci. 2004 Apr;95(4):290-9.

Cho E, Spiegelman D, Hunter DJ, Chen WY, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC. Premenopausal fat intake and risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003 Jul 16;95(14):1079-85.


Chicken bacteria is associate with urinary tract infections in women, simply from handling.
X. Xia, J. Meng, P.F. McDermott, S. Ayers, K. Blickenstaff, T.T. Tran, J. Abbott, J. Zheng, & S. Zhao. Presence and characterization of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and other potentially diarrheagenic E. coli strains in retail meats. Appl Environ Microbiol, 76(6):1709-1717, 2010.

T.A. Russo & J.R. Johnson. Medical and economic impact of extraintestinal infections due to Escherichia coli: focus on an increasingly important endemic problem. Microbes Infect, 5(5):449-456, 2003.

C. Vincent, P. Boerlin, D. Daignault, C.M. Dozois, L. Dutil, C. Galanakis, R.J. Reid-Smith, P.P. Tellier, P.A. Tellis, K. Ziebell, A.R. Manges. Food reservoir for Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections. Emerg Infect Dis, 16(1):88-95, 2010.

J.R. Johnson, M.A. Kuskowski, K. Smith, T.T. O’Bryan, S. Tatini. Antimicrobial-resistant and extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli in retail foods. J Infect Dis, 191(7):1040-1049, 2005.

D. Vandekerchove, P. De Herdt, H. Laevens, F. Pasmans. Risk factors associated with colibacillosis outbreaks in caged layer flocks. Avian Pathol, 33(3):337-342, 2004.




Cancer caused by arsenic-laced chicken.
G. X. Sun, P. N. Williams, A. M. Carey, Y. G. Zhu, C. Deacon, A. Raab, J. Feldmann, R. M. Islam, and A. A. Meharg. Inorganic arsenic in rice bran and its products are an order of magnitude higher than in bulk grain. Environmental science & technology, 42(19):7542{7546, 2008.

C. F. Jelinek and P. E. Corneliussen. Levels of arsenic in the united states food supply. Environ. Health Perspect., 19:83{87, 1977.

E. K. Silbergeld and K. Nachman. The environmental and public health risks associated with arsenical use in animal feeds. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1140:346{357, 2008.


http://nutritionfacts.org/topics/chicken/

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