The Gout Diet
While there isn't a regimented gout diet, anyone who is diagnosed with gout should follow a healthy, balanced diet.
Avoid High Purine Foods
Because uric acid is formed from the breakdown of purines, high-purine foods can trigger attacks. It is strongly encouraged to avoid:
Beer and grain liquors
Red meat, lamb and pork
Organ meats, such as liver, kidneys and sweetbreads
Seafood, especially shellfish, like shrimp, lobster, mussels, anchovies and sardines
Instead, it is recommended to eat more lower-purine foods, including:
Low-fat or non-fat dairy products
A 2004 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, conducted by Dr. Hyon Choi, found that each additional serving of purine-rich red meat was associated with a 21 percent increase in the risk of gout in men over age 40. The study also found that each additional weekly serving of seafood was associated with a 7 percent increase in risk. Protein, purine-rich vegetables and moderate wine drinking were found not as harmful to gout sufferers as once believed. In addition, the study found that low-fat dairy products, specifically skim milk and low-fat yogurt, may actually decrease the risk or provide some protection against gout.
Follow a Low-Fructose Diet
Gout sufferers are also encouraged to maintain a low-fructose diet, since there is a correlation between a diet high in fructose content and gout. Fructose is a naturally occurring simple sugar found in fruit, vegetables and honey. In the typical American diet, high-fructose corn syrup is added to many foods and drinks.
The Gout & Uric Acid Education Society recommends limiting table sugar, table salt and any products with high-fructose corn syrup, including:
Soft drinks and juices
Cereals, store-bought baked goods, ice cream and candy
Processed foods at fast food restaurants
Many fruits have naturally occurring high fructose levels, so they should also be limited to one or two cups per day.